blog 18

After all the in-depth presentation of Song of Myself by Walt Whitman,  I understood the poem more and comprehended his perspective on life and how he held himself and others.Walt Whitman is the kind of person who is an optimist and loves everyone as well as believing that everyone is good no matter what.Song of Myself is about Walt finding himself throughout his thoughts and mainly in society.A general interesting fact of song for myself is that throughout Walts life he would revise it and then at the end of leaves of grass he had poems that looked throughout his life and what he learned.Personally, i found my section one of the most interesting because it talked a lot about society and how society’s future is in the hands of the younger generation which I can’t help but agree with.Section 4 was very interesting because it talks about being surrounded by people who are freeloaders who have no original ideas and keep rehashing the same thing in a multitude of ways.This is very relevant in today’s society just by not many original ideas are out there because most of the time they are based on something which is still like copying just in a different way.In this section, he does mention that even though he does seem happy all the time, he and everyone else still experience negative things.One other thing I agree with that he mentions just briefly in this section is that he is uncertain of the future which is obviously agreeable but I like that fact that he just mentions it and he does play with it later on in the poem.This is a very important thing to point out which I think connects to the other section I really liked.The other section that I really enjoyed talking about was section 3 even though its majority was basically talking about sex.I only liked the beginning part where he is basically talking about how we should be focusing on the now rather than arguing about different ideals which is basically the majority of what happens in today politics.I understand why this poem is the most influential due to its positive and lives perspectives.

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Blog 17

“Civil Disobedience” is an interesting read by Thoreau because it can still be applied to today’s government and makes us think about how things are being run today.The excerpt is very universal because we always crave for the figurehead that stands for order and what we need for a calmer society.  Thoreau openly accepts the motto “That government is best which governs least” and this motto is used throughout the reading to prove Thoreau’s point.The motto “That government is best which governs least” speaks volumes of the governmental system and how it should be run.”That government is best which governs least” explains that the government that doesn’t have to keep making its presence known is the best government because their people can live their daily lives without the idea of the government stepping in there daily lives.This motto states the government’s role is to govern the people and keep order but it should just come naturally due to human instinct, The government shouldn’t  have to impact the daily lives of there citizens.In this excerpt. Thoreau talks about almost this ideal government “Let every man make known what kind of government would command his respect, and that will be one step toward obtaining it. . .” this shows the idea that mans ideal government has to be worked toward and together so they can achieve their goal.I feel like Thoreau was talking about a government that is controlled by the people about the idea of it being a democracy.Democracy is the kind of government that is created by the people for the people so they have a say in the government’s policies and laws.  Democracy is the kind of government that’s created by the people for the people so they can get their opinions out there so this government demands the most respect because it made by the people from there own ideas.Civil disobedience has shown influence to Gandhi, Martin Luther King jr of effectiveness in their protests by showing that peaceful protest is the only way to gain the influence of the public.This excerpt should still be referred back to even today for the almost “guidelines” of how to peacefully protest.

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Blog 16

Emerson and  Thoreau have very similar points of view of philosophy and life.They have very similar concepts relating to there own way of life.Self-reliance is a major point because they believe that to achieve your own greatness you must rely on yourself to find it.They share the point of divinity because Thoreau keeps mentioning goddesses, celestial and eternal but he always keeps relating this back to nature and how its such a godlike entity and interestingly how Olympus can be found anywhere.They do both believe together that the earth is a beautiful place and that the earth wasn’t created for us that we are created for the earth and we shouldn’t have abused it as much as we did.They also believe this oversoul concept and human potential.Thoreau believes that we should live not just for the sake of living/surviving he wanst to live a Spartan-like life of living on the edge and having ultimate meaning.A major difference is when Thoreau was talking about how the brain is just an organ for burrowing, which basically means that we hid behind or thoughts and ideas while Emerson completely believes that oversoul, the idea we have so much potential in our lives and we cant even understand it, which we can live up to if we are too focused on the future or religion.The good and bad idea is where they differ a bit because Thoreau believes times change it while Emerson believed that if you worked hard at finding the good in your heart then you must be good.The main idea of the first part of the excerpt is the idea of going out into Nature and becoming self-reliant.As well as we shouldn’t just be surviving, we should be striving for something greater to live up to our full potential.The main idea from the conclusion is we shouldn’t become used to the same thing and we should want difference and to live them to just one to wear away at the others.I think some benefits were that he learned that his life became same cut and dry nothing interesting or different.I would miss talking to my friends and having that social interaction because we are social creatures as much as we may not want to accept it we need each other.The modern reader should take out of transcendentalism are we have potential and a meaning to our lives even though we may not know now, we will, transcendentalism is a great philosophy and everyone should know the basic concept.Image result for woods

Blog 15

Reading is an important thing in life, some people choose not to read at all while others have their nose in a book constantly.The purpose of independent reading is to hone our skills on reading comprehension and to understand the difference in writing and how we can improve ours. Reading can open your mind to a bunch of possibilities like enhance your creativity and being able to think differently with a different perspective.I feel like reading shows us contrasting perspectives compared to other people and teaches us how to understand situations unlike anyone else. We can encourage more reading just by visiting the library more often and just having our librarian talk about the new book he got for us.He is always getting book months before they come out so we can know before anyone else.I choose the book “The girl on the train” by Paula Harkins.I choose this book because ive been waiting forever to read it and ive been recommended this book so much, that I couldn’t just ignore it.After reading the first chapter of this book I can conclude a lot of things and I have many thoughts on it.The book goes in days and a certain perspective of one of the main characters.My initial reaction of Rachel is that she needs to get away from the past and stop putting herself in other people’s shoes and just try and make her life better.In the novel, I think Rachel will confront her old husband tom and find out the reason why he cheated.She is probably going to find out who the clothing by the train tracks belonged to and, maybe meet Jess and James.As well as I think she will have to face her fear of going back to her old house and make peace with her past memories in there.I wasn’t present when you talked about the book trailers so I’m kinda nervous just in general because I don’t know what really happening other than I have to read my book.I just hope I don’t have to video editor learn a whole new program for this assignment.I DID NOT CHOOSE THE CHUG LIFE THE CHUG LIFE CHOSE ME | image tagged in scumbag hat,thomas the tank engine,deal with it,puns | made w/ Imgflip meme maker

Blog 14

My initial thoughts on transcendentalism were that it was the way back then of questions what you’ve been believing your whole life.Which is basically going against conformity and standing for what you believe.The big meaning of transcendentalism is to take a different perspective on a certain topic and ask questions about the original perspective.In “nature” the original perspective was from the bible that the earth was specifically created for us but it was truly the earth would be in severe disaster because of us. This original perspective leads to misuse and pollution of the earth.Then Emerson looked at it differently and the whole nature excerpt shows that we coexist and we should be taking care of the earth.This related back to the nature of man because we sometimes get lost and rooted not paying attention to the future.Then in self-reliance, it says that we have paths that are already preexisting and we need to follow them or god would be disappointed.I don’t believe the man is naturally good nor bad we do have the potential to be great it’s just the line between good and bad is hazy and all due to perspective.An example of this thinking is, A man is regarded as a hero in a village and saves his people from attack from another neighboring village.In the man’s village, he is regarded as a hero yet in the other village he is evil because he killed their own villagers. I do not believe man is not naturally evil but society does keep a man in place for norms and morals. Society may not be regarded as a good thing but it does keep us to have similar morals and goals so we are not alone in our society.Society keeps us in place to not do outrageous things but does affect a lot of things.Society can give us a sense of community but societal norms are quite terrible as well as good.One effect of it for being good is that we won’t just start treating people badly for the fear of other people watching and conceiving us as terrible. The bystander effect is when we don’t act on someone in help because other people are around.Image result for brain

Blog 13

Being human we all have opinions based on our life choices and this leads to differing opinions.We all fight about our differing opinions based on our own experiences which cultivate the difference.This realization makes the understanding that most arguments are based purely on emotion and that’s why most people get very one-sided and angry fighting for there opinion.Because their argument is solely based on emotion it’s more easier to poke holes in their side.Yet there are always those kinds of people who can’t even recognize the other side they just solely believe their opinion must be right and anything against this is wrong.Those kinds of people are really nerve-racking because they don’t believe anything from the other side and are blinded by there own mindset which is terrifying because they can’t realize the other side.For some of the debates during class(especially the abortion) had a lot of emotion and the argument is hard to realize the other side because of its such an emotional topic.These debates where very formal and we were prepared for the other side to attack and poke holes in the argument and be prepared to cover them up or prove them wrong.But the normal day to day arguments we aren’t that prepared for a certain argument that could pop up thus we aren’t prepared so our arguments are based only on emotion or faulty evidence.Personally, i try not to start arguments that I know I’m not going to win or I don’t know enough information but ive always been understanding of the other side of an argument, I’m not a close-minded person more along the lines of open.Other than adult constructing arguments based on emotion they use there past as ways to win the argument just based on living.This unit did change some of the ways I perceive argument such as being prepared and to think on your feet.Image result for arguments

Blog 11

My topic for the debate is lowering the drinking not to a certain age just lowering it under 21.My assigned position for this debate is pro which means that my side is wanting to lower the drinking age.Personally, I’m in between on this debate( even after doing all the research) because both sides have very important a vital opinions.The pro side has very good ethics and emotional appeal and statistics while the con has very important medical statistics.Before the getting this topic I had no idea this was even a debate.On the pro side of this debate when you first search it up on google you mostly get articles but you do get very good statics and ethical points for this side.There was an organization called amethyst organization the was a group of college professors.These professors wanted to lower the drinking age to 19 for a multitude of reasons.One of the major reasons was because if it was 18 these adults could still be in high school which could make a multitude of distractions.Another reason is that money that’s being put towards catching underage drinking on college campuses and citations could be put towards drug abuse or sexual assault.However, this group was made in 2008 and based on my research they have been M.I.A.While looking up for the con side of keeping the drinking age to 21 is mostly medical statics and they are basically all government websites because of the law.As well as you get a certain organization called MADD which is mother against drunk driving they are the ones who really pushed forth to get the drinking age to 21 to “lower the drunk driving incidents”.Ethical issues that are very important towards this topic is being passed or 18 in which you are considered an adult.AT the age of 18 in the US  you can buy cigarettes and could develop lung cancer yet you cant drink even though we know the health risks.Emotions that are in play with this topic are equality where you’re considered an adult at 18 yet cant makes the decision of drinking.This topic is very interesting and I look forward to researching it.Related image

Blog 12

My opinion has changed over time to be more sided with the pro but there are still really good con arguments for lowering the drinking age.This section is logos.The most compelling piece of information I got was from Dr.Ruth from Indiana University from Bloomington.He researched that drunk driving related accidents where steady decreasing and a leveling off before the law was put in place.This should be interesting to others because when we didn’t have the law the drunk driving accidents were leveling off they weren’t increasing because there was no law.I didn’t know this information before my research.Dr.Ruth from Indiana University had an amazing research paper which fueled a lot of my main points.This section is Pathos.Emotional elements are the majority part of my topic because one of the major reasons why the law was put in place was because the (MADD) proposed the bill so it could lower the incidents of drunk driving.In PA your allowed to get your permit at 16 then get your license shortly afterward.Underage drinking is an issue and when this is mixed with driving kids can be losing their life.Another emotional element in this debate is when your 18 you are considered an adult which you enter legal contracts and even adopt a child.As well as you can join jobs that save lives such as a firefighter or EMT.But you can even endanger your life majorly by in the military which is proven to kill 10x times more than alcohol.iT was easier to get an emotional relatability because we are at the age where we could decide to enlist in the military.This section is the ethos.This topic is very important ethically because when you turn 18 your considered an adult and are relied on to make very important decisions, so why can’t we make the decision to drink.Ethics are the other half of this topic along emotional appeal because at 18 you’re considered an adult and can enter contracts and do independent things but the government doesn’t believe that young adults are responsible enough to drink safely.One ethic against this topic is that we are too young to handle alcohol but in European countries and even other countries have no minimum drinking age at all. This whole topic is mostly based on ethics and somewhat of emotion.The most commonly used one in favor is ethics because if the legal adult age is 18 shouldn’t we have the right to be treated as one and make our own decisions.But this could lead to the emotional appeal and slippery slope fallacies.The argument against it is based on logic and emotion because medical proof shows that drinking young could lead to brain problems.I’ve learned a lot about just this topic in general and how to back up my own statements with logic and how to interpret in my own way. The most important thing I learned was to listen carefully and apply previous knowledge to think on my feet to stand for my opinion.Image result for toblerone cartoon

Blog 10

The article I choose was very interesting about a debate that’s coming to the mainstream about gene editing.Counter agreeing on with the article that gene editing should be used ( with safety precautions obviously).A tool called CRISPR which is basically a scalpel that can take certain genes and insert desired genes into the strand.There are many genetic diseases that have plagued humanity for centuries such as sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, type 1 diabetes, cystic fibrosis, mitochondrial diseases, polycystic kidney disease, Tay-Sachs disease and Canavan disease. But because they are genetic diseases and are passed down from parents to offspring, The offspring cant just magically stop it.Gene editing could be used to take out the strand and can even be placed with more desirable traits. This could be used to stop inherited diseases and even cure them.This can be used for endangering or extinct animals an example is engineers the west coasts chestnut trees to resist the chestnut blight that devastates the species nearly killing them.Inherited diseases only grow but if we could use the CRISPR we could put a stop to inherited disease. This tool could even cure disease, wouldn’t it be great to have generations of the human race not plagued with disease.CRISPR could be used on extinct animals and endangered species to bring them back. Because when one species become endangered or extinct it throws off the whole food chain and can really mess up everything.But CRISPR could be used to fix the endangered to bring back the food chain to its fullest and where it would have the most stability.One issue that is major throughout around the world is it’s ethically right and when the line is crossed.Altering genes in sperm, eggs or embryos can spread those changes to future generations is called germline engineering.Germline engineering is considered a taboo and a line that shouldn’t be crossed. This is looked down upon by society because removing certain disease or traits “is playing god”. This disagreement in society is another effect of generations after the “experimented one” didn’t agree on having changed DNA. Another effect that could happen down the road is a blip or a mutation could occur messing up the genetics all together for generations.Humans are known to be greedy so this technology could be used to select traits of intellect, athleticism or even appearance, basically design your own baby.CRISPR could change the human race for the better.

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Blog 9

Franklin wanted to become a better person so he came up with this list of virtues and abided by them and change himself for the better.The work that we read listed his virtues and which ones he struggles with.So my group got rid of chastity because we are only high schoolers and it really doesn’t apply to us in franklins sense only other than loyalty, in a relationship and that’s not really what Franklin was trying to convey. The virtues we came up with was empathy, adaptation, and socialization. Empathy is trying to understand someone’s position or place and respecting it or even understanding it.Adaptation is being open to change and willing to let it happen.Socialization is defined as not being absorbed in social media and being present in the moment by communicating and socialize with others not just using your phone as are to ignore people.With our new virtues, we had to begin our own experiment by trying to live by these virtues.Cleanliness was the easiest because it basically taking care of your own body and that is not hard (unless you’re a middle schooler).Empathy wasn’t hard because caring and having respect for other people is just my personality.I could imagine frugality being way harder if we were in college and more independent and living on our own, but because we aren’t it’s not that hard other than just watching what we are buying.Sincerity was another of the ones that had no dot next to it because it’s not right if you’re trying to really hurt someone.Temperance had a couple of dots next to it because when I haven’t eaten all day and I eat way more to fill myself so I basically overcompensate for not eating earlier on which isn’t the healthiest thing.Moderation was easy because I’m just not going to physically hurt someone for my gain.Justice is not hurting someone for anything or anyone and that’s not that hard.Silence had to be one of the hardest because with my friends I just tend to have very “creative” conversations that are super childish.Humility was an interesting one because being modest inst hard it just accepting it was weird.Socialization was a super hard one for me because being introverted makes it a challenge. Order was one of the hardest because becoming stressed out leads to becoming unorganized and it turns into a whole cycle.The hardest one that had all the dots was industry because whenever I thought I was being productive another assignment would happen which would lead me to procrastinate a lot.This project was interesting because I got to physically see my habits and what I could change.Image result for cartoon  ben franklin